A little story about the bread
Children of the bread materials to work with children, educational videos, stories, educational tasks.
In our lives, we often do not notice the little things! And our children are not - and they see the bird, which sat on a bush, and flying paper. They ask endless questions "Why?" And rejoice in every puddle.
Bread - it is a very normal thing, and often we do not even present themselves to us, that it might not be on our table! But in that "uninteresting" bread you can see a lot of opportunities for development of the child! If you know how to look at familiar things look different - children's astonishment-delighted "pochemuchkinym" look.
Let us introduce our kids to the bread, will talk about how people it was grown earlier and how to grow now, what intelligent machines invented by people to help themselves. Acquaint with the professions of people who grow grain for us.
In this article you will find materials for homework thematic weeks of the bread, the bread classes in kindergarten or childcare center:
- a story in pictures "how to grow wheat"
- two short informative entertaining movie for kids,
- exercises for development of speech,
- fairy tales and stories, poems and riddles about bread.
Additional material to the paper - riddle of the grains can be found in the article "Secrets"
Materials designed not for a day of activities with children, and on the study of the theme of small "pieces". For example, in one day you can read and discuss the story "Bread". The next day - see the informative video "How to grow wheat," and play a fairy tale - dramatization. The third - to play with proverbs about bread, etc.
All kids are different, so in the article are given different tasks, so you can pick them up by age, sex, interests of the child.
I propose to begin acquaintance with bread and puzzles. Hide under a piece of bread or a napkin in a bag and ask your child to guess what a surprise you hide and what you want to talk to him. Read his riddle.
"Ros first in the wild in a field
, in the summer bloomed and ears
And when threshed,
he suddenly turned into the grain.
Of grain - in the flour and dough.
The store took place.
He grew up under the blue sky,
And came to the table for us - what? (bread) "
Child, starting from 4 years old to be taught to prove his point of view, to find arguments and answers to provocative questions, defend their opinion correctly and politely. And for this, we will ask provocative questions of concern.
Ask your child how he guessed that this bread? After his answer tell astonishment as if consulting with the kid: "Perhaps, it's not bread, and vegetables? After all, they also grow on the ground, and then we buy them in the store? And they have to come to our table. " If the child agrees that it is vegetables (after you for it - credibility :)), then once again read the puzzle together with the baby, disassemble it - about any symptoms according to a riddle? Threshing, grain, flour, dough. Is threshed vegetables and make the flour and the dough? No. So, what's this? Bread!
Ask your child to guess what a surprise you have prepared, what is this miracle for him. And read a poem - a riddle.
"Miracle. Leo Kvitko.
Seed-chips kept all winter,
in the soft earth planted in the spring.
A miracle happened, probably with him.
Seed was alive and more.
Seed-baby lying in the ground,
lying, warmed, swollen in the heat.
First swelled, then sprouted.
Rostochkom subtle rose in the garden.
Chubik curled the weak germ
Threw feathers gentle leaf.
Well, maybe not a miracle that such a Chubik
samples broke through the layer of earth ?!
He bored into the ground, he climbed ahead,
he is the light and the sun made it difficult.
And over the land - again wonders:
Something is growing by leaps and bounds - by the hour.
Grain is not in sight for a long time.
Do not guess, what was it? "
Ask your child to show their opinion - why he thinks it's the bread? For some of the mysteries of the lines he guessed?
Ask the child: where does the bread at home? That's right, out of the store! And where does it come in the store?
Listen kindly and carefully any assumptions of the child - for his speech observation will help you understand what your child knows and what he is presenting inaccurate or erroneous, or none at all! And then ask the child to learn the secrets of how the bread on our table came, what amazing machines help people get bread from grains.
Bread obtained from grains. But what about those spikes with grains grown in the field? What makes white bread? (Wheat). And it turns out that black bread? (Rye).
Why wheat and rye called "grain" plants? (They give the grain). What other crops are plants? (Corn, oats).
Consider with the child in the picture ear of rye and wheat, and compare them. What do they look like? (These plants have a stem, tendrils, seeds, grains are) And how do they differ? (Rye long and wheat - wheat round KOLOSOK thicker than rye spike.)
Then look at a short informative video for kids about how to grow wheat on the field.
From this short entertaining informative video for preschool age children your child will learn:
- where growing wheat?
- how much wheat we must grow to bake a loaf of bread,
- What do you call people who grow grain,
- people to harvest corn,
- as soon as people grew bread.
After watching the video be sure to talk to your baby about the film, ask:
In the evening or the next day, play with children in the cultivation of grain - will help you re-enactment of the tale.
Lithuanian tale. As the wolf even think bread oven
This fairy tale is very good for staging and consolidation of ideas on the cultivation of bread in children. Let the child in the scene wolf explain how to grow wheat.
First, read your child a story and then offer it to play.
Once I met a wolf in the forest and the human asks:
- Give me some bread!
The man gave. The wolf ate and licked his lips - was delicious bread. Says the wolf man:
- What do I do that and I have always had their own bread? Teach me!
- Well, - I have agreed to the man and began to teach the wolf. - First you have to plow the land ...
- And when vspashesh, you can really have?
- Not yet. It is necessary to sow rye.
- And when you sow, so you can eat?
- Not yet. We have to wait until she grows up.
- And when he grows up, you can really have?
- Not yet. It is necessary to remove it.
- And when uberosh, you can really have?
- Not yet. It is necessary to thresh it.
- And when the grind, you can really have?
- Not yet. It is necessary to bake bread.
- And when ispechosh, you can eat?
Wolf thought, thought, and said:
- It is better I will not bake bread, if that long to wait. As still I do without bread, so it is clear, and I'll manage.
Version of the game - staging:
You can play the story of this tale in a different way with a repetition of the same dialogue with the different characters (as in "The Gingerbread Man," a fairy tale). Your kid goes on a journey into the forest, and all the little animals treats a piece of bread. Bread like baby animals, and every animal wants to learn how to grow it. Child every beast tells how to grow such delicious bread (lists the sequence of the work). But all the animals refuse to grow it, to know what is a long and hard work. The child performs in play role of a man who came into the forest. A grown - the role of all the animals in turn. Repeat several times in the game sequence grain cultivation, your baby is sure nothing messed up. But to play this game, he will be happy, because all children love to play!
With 5 years can introduce a child to the agricultural machinery, which helps people in work; with how interconnected the different occupations of people - a combine, tractor, and other agronomist.
Especially interesting is the material for the boys!
Tell your child that early machines did not have to grow up and the bread was very hard. Now we have all the hard work of making machines. And a lot of them need to make bread in the field to grow and harvest. People have come up with amazing machines. Maybe when you grow up, you also think of something that will help all people.
Home machine - tractor. Why is the main? (Listen to the assumptions of the child).
Tractor - an amazing machine, which for itself carries the road. The tractor that makes you learn from the story (here give the text of the story by A. Ivic).
Tractor carries all the tools that work the land. This tractor.
What is different from the tractor truck - the truck? (Listen to the assumptions of the child and give the correct answer). A truck carries the burden in the body, and the tractor pulls the cargo along.
But the tractor is not easy tractor and ATV. What do you think, why the tractor can be called a "rover"? That's right, because it "goes everywhere" - and on the road, and on the plowed field.
How is it that the tractor can drive everywhere, even in places where a normal car will not pass? (Consider the tractor and the machine with the child - pay attention to the wheels - let the child try to guess itself, due to what is happening).
Tractor wheels instead small steel rollers - four on each side. At the rink wearing steel tapes. They are made of individual links, as the chain. These tapes are called "tracks" . Find the caterpillar in the picture.
Rear wheel - gear. It catches the track link and moves the tape. Roll on the belt rollers on rails or on a flat road.
It turns out that the tractor itself carries for himself the way. Caterpillars - is his way! Because he is not afraid of off-road!
Tractor works in the field from early spring to late autumn. The cabin sits behind the wheel of someone? ( Tractor ). It controls the tractor.
A lot of work is done by tractor. In the autumn of the tractor attached behind the big plow. The plow turns raises and topsoil. So the tractor makes a soft little bed for the seeds. The seed hidden in the ground by the wind and can take out of the ground all the juice they need for growth.
After that the land Tractor harrow . If the sowing of winter - they are sown before winter, the harrow in the autumn. If the spring crops - they sow in the spring - the spring harrow. To attach the tractor harrow . Harrow combs ground teeth like a comb.
And on this tractor work is not finished. For it is now no longer attached harrow and cultivator. Cultivators do not have teeth, but there is .... Paws !!!! Yes, they are called - "legs." These legs loosened the ground and tear down the weeds. In order to not interfere with the weeds to grow wheat!
Now the tractor worked wonderfully! You can attach it to the drill. Seeder asleep in the ground seeds.
It turned out the seed in the ground, sprout, will break out green stalk. Reaches the end of the summer will be ripe ears of corn. Ripe grain in the ear, hard - time to harvest corn.
Then he came on the field another car - a real giant. It is called the "processor".
People was difficult before harvest - they cut the ears of a sickle, then in bundles knitted, laid on a cart, transported to thresh. And now all this work on the field of making intelligent machines - giant "harvesters." Maybe you have in the kitchen, too, have a food processor, which helps mom? And on the other processor - not like the kitchen . He removes the grain and is therefore called "harvester".
From a short informative video about gay processor for kids your children will learn:
- what Combine Harvester and who the combiner?
- how the harvester and how it works?
- what other equipment is working in the field and helps people to harvest bread?
That produced grain harvest! Taking him to the elevator, where the grain is stored. Then the grain being taken to the flour mill, where from it will make flour. A ready-meal will be taken at the bakery. The bakery bake bread flour. The bread brought to the shop, and we'll buy it. So the bread on our table comes.
Who is always in the care?
Tractor in care.
He cherishes field,
plow it and sow.
Who is always in the care?
Who is always in the care?
Truck in care.
to make them grow plants.
Who is always in the care?
Drizzle of care.
In the field he shed,
Who is always in the care?
Combiner in care.
It removes rye,
Who is always in the care?
Baker in care.
Master it skillful,
Bread bakes it delicious.
Who cares knows?
Rhine and Main does not know?
"Thank you!" Helo Mänd.
Ask your child why bread should be protected? And then read a story about bread.
M. Glinskaya "Bread"
Grisha mother gave a big piece of bread, and sent him into the street.
Grisha ate bread. The bread was delicious and fragrant, with a shiny crust. Soon the boy ate, and still had a lot of bread. Here guys called Grisha ball in play. What to do with the bread? Grisha thought and threw the bread into the ground.
Passed by Uncle Matthew, he stopped and asked, "Who threw the bread?"
-It it! - shouted the boys and showed at Grisha. Gregory said, "I have fed and bread remained. We have a lot of bread, do not mind. "
Uncle Matthew took off his chest a gold star, and said:
"I'm a Hero because bread grown received. And you bread trample in the mud. "
Grisha cried, "I did not know what to do with bread. He ate his fill, and he remained ... "
- Well, - has agreed to Uncle Matthew. - If you do not know - it's a different razgovor.- Raised bread, put it on the palm. - This is my piece of work, your mother, all the village work. Bread love and cherish necessary. - Gave him Grisha and left.
Grisha wiped his tears and told the boys: "I am the bread Now eat."
-Nelzya, - said Alexander, - bread, dirty, ill possible.
- Where are now the bread to put?
At this time I drove the road a cart, and the cart ran foal Lyska.
- Let us give bread flatted - Nura offered. Grisha handed foal bread. Lyska grabbed a hunk, instantly eaten and does not go away. Snout stretches to the guys: Come again! Axl Oh, how delicious. "
Questions for an interview with a child under the story "Bread":
Ask your child (aged 5 years or older) to explain why it is said, why do people come up with this proverb. This task develops a child's ability to prove their point of view, that is it - the argument.
6 children 7 years and older can be given the task more difficult - "Find 5 evidence that this proverb is true for bread." It is best to perform this exercise a voice in the game. My favorite game that love to my little pupils - a game of "The Bridge"
Useful tips from my experience of the game with proverbs and sayings:
Proverb to play with children of "bread" theme:
- Bread - a head! (What do you mean "head" - the chief Why bread around the head.?).
- Doplyasalis that were left without bread. (Children is difficult to understand the metaphorical meaning of the word "doplyasalis", so here it is better to use a direct sense - if dancing and not working, then the bread will not grow).
- Bread - father, water - my mother.
- Bread - a gift of God, the father, the breadwinner.
- Bread and salt, and dinner went.
- Will be the bread - and the song is.
- Rye ripe - beris to work.
- Lots of snow - a lot of bread. +