Before you take the tablets correctly, you need to know whether it is possible to start taking birth control pills without consulting a gynecologist?
No, this is highly undesirable and can lead to complications. In the pharmaceutical market are more than 50 types of birth control pills, and this diversity is not in vain, as different women fit different pills.
Wrong to begin taking the tablets on the advice of a friend or the most advise their birth control pills to someone of the familiar. Your tablets may be ideally suited to you, but to cause unpleasant side effects from the other women.
If you start receiving OK without consulting a doctor, the contraceptive effect may not be complete (ie, at a reception OK, you can get pregnant), you can appear side effects such as uterine bleeding, persistent bleeding, hair loss, swelling, and even blood clots in the veins.
Do I need to take a blood test for hormones before starting OK?
No, not necessarily. If your gynecologist has appointed the pill, without conducting any tests, it does not mean that the doctor is incompetent.
A blood test for hormones may be necessary if you have certain hormonal disorders and related disorders of the menstrual cycle.
On what day of the cycle to start taking birth control pills (OK)?
If you are just starting to take OK, the first pill to drink in the first day of the month (this day is the first day of the menstrual cycle). In this case, will not need to use additional means of contraception as a contraceptive effect occurs immediately.
It is also permissible to begin receiving a 2-3-4-5 day of menstruation, but in this case it is necessary to use additional means of contraception for another week.
If you start receiving later than 6 days from the beginning of the month, the effect of birth control pills this month will be very low and you can get pregnant.
On what day of the cycle after the start of reception OK, you can not protect themselves further? When is the contraceptive effect of pills?
If you drank the first pill on day 1 of the menstrual cycle, the contraceptive effect is immediate. You can no longer use additional means of contraception. A prerequisite in this case is further pills schedule. If you drank a few pills from the first day of menstruation and then thrown reception OK, you can get pregnant.
If you took the first pill for 2-5 days of the menstrual cycle, it is necessary to further protect themselves within 7 days after you start taking the tablets.
How to drink the pill?
First of all, look at how many pills in a blister pack (record) your OK: 21 or 28?
If one blister pack 21 tablets, then you need to drink one tablet a day at the same time for 21 days. Then, within 7 days you do not take pills, and on the 8th day taking the first pill from the next blister.
If the blister pack 28 tablets, no breaks do not have to. Just drink one tablet per day, and at the end of one of the blister begins to receive next.
What if a 7-day break menstruation did not come?
If last month you regularly take pills, do not pass and do not be late in taking a pill more than 12 hours, it's okay. No need to wait until the beginning or end of the month to begin receiving new blisters. Always do this on the 8th day after the end of the previous packaging.
If you violate the rules of reception OK and still sexually active, you should stop taking the pill as long as you do not make sure that it is not pregnant.
Do I need extra protection during taking the pill-placebo?
This paragraph applies only to birth control pills in a package containing 28 tablets.
If in the previous month, did you take the tablets according to the rules (no gaps), then while taking the inactive tablets (placebo pills) do not need to use additional means of contraception.
If you do passes, it should be done according to the instructions (it depends on what kind of pills you drink).
Is it necessary to further protect a 7-day break?
This paragraph applies only to birth control pills in a package containing 21 tablets.
If in the past month, did you take the tablets according to the rules, and the next month plan to continue taking pills, then additionally protected in the 7-day break is not necessary.
If you missed one or more tablets in the last 7 days before the break, you need to do to miss a 7-day rest period (ie, at the end of the first package the next day to start the next).
Can I do a 7-day break?
If the onset of menstruation is not desirable for you, then you can not do a 7-day break, that is, to delay monthly for one month. To do this, at the end of a blister on the next day, start a new pack. This is not harmful for your body.
Is it possible to postpone menstruation, if I had not drank the pill?
No. If last month you received OK, then delay the coming month with their help it is impossible.
Do I need to make big breaks from the pill?
Many girls and women taking birth control pills, it is very worried about the possible undesirable effects of hormones on their bodies. Therefore, the appearance of any opportunity, many stop taking the tablets for 1-2 months, "to give the body a rest."
However, such interruptions do not give and can not give your body the rest - this is an extra stress to your ovaries and endocrine glands. In most cases, spontaneous breaks lead to the failure of the menstrual cycle, illness, delayed menstruation, and sometimes hair loss. Not to mention the fact that during the big breaks contraceptive effect is zero and you can easily get pregnant.
Therefore, if the need for contraception have not disappeared (ie you live sexual life, but does not yet plan to become pregnant), then you can take the pill for as long as required (up to 5 years in a row without a break).
After 5 years of taking the pills need to consult with your doctor and if he can not find a reason to cancel the tablets, you will continue to receive further OK, as necessary.
Does the contraceptive pill reduces the effect when taking other medications?
Yes, some medications may decrease the effectiveness OK. These medicines include:
- Antibiotics: ampicillin, rifampicin, tetracycline, erythromycin, and others.
- Antifungal agents: Griseofulvin
- Anticonvulsant drugs: Carbamazepine, and Phenytoin al.
- Barbiturates: Thiopental, Phenobarbital, and others.
These drugs reduce the absorption of contraceptive pills in the intestine, or accelerate their decomposition in the liver resulting in decreased contraceptive effect. Therefore it is necessary to use additional means of contraception for the duration of treatment and 7 days after the end of treatment with these products.
Before taking a particular drug is required to read the instructions for its use, or consult with a physician.
Saved if OK effect by alcohol?
Large amounts of alcohol may reduce the effectiveness of birth control pills. The reason is that alcohol causes our liver work harder (to get rid of toxic products), but together with alcohol liver "neutralize" and estrogen from birth control pills.
Thus, in patients receiving large doses of estrogen alcohol is rapidly inactivated in the liver and can not exert undue influence on the ovaries, and thus to suppress ovulation.
But the problem is that what is considered a large dose of alcohol. Everyone is different, and someone does not tolerate alcohol (drunk from the smell), and someone can drink a liter and feel normal.
But as medicine loves all average, believe that security while taking the contraceptive pill is the following amount of alcohol: no more than 50 ml of vodka, 200 ml of wine or 400 ml of beer. If you drink more than that, you need to use additional contraception for another week after drinking.
If you drink a lot of alcohol during the last weeks of OK, the 7-day break should be skipped in this case and begin receiving the next burst immediately after the previous one. Protect an additional 7 days.
Drinking alcohol (even with large doses) during the 7-day break did not affect the contraceptive effect.
What should I do if I vomit after taking the pill?
In the event of vomiting during the first 3-4 hours after administration of the tablet, its effectiveness is much reduced. Therefore, to maintain the contraceptive effect it is necessary to adopt the same line of another tablet package, or in the case of receiving the OK monophasic (Jess Lindinet-20 Novinet, Midian, Yasmin and others.) To take the next tablet by number. Drink this "second" tablet you need as soon as possible: as soon as nausea and vomiting will, and no later than 12 hours after taking the first pill. If you take a second tablet later than 12 hours, then you need to continue to do the same, as in the passage of tablets (depending on the room).
If vomiting occurred later than 4 hours after taking the pill, you do not need to do anything. By this time the tablet has sucked the blood and its effect remains high, despite the vomiting.
What should I do if I have diarrhea?
In the case of diarrhea (diarrhea) efficiency contraceptive pills can also be reduced. Therefore, immediately after the closure of diarrhea to take the same line of another tablet package, or in the case of receiving the OK monophasic (Jess Lindinet-20 Novinet, Mersilon, Logest, Yasmin and others.) To take the next tablet by number. If the diarrhea does not stop, then within the next 7 days use additional means of contraception.
If you happened diarrhea, and you do not know what to do, read our article on this subject: Question and answer the Month: Birth control pills and digestive problems. In it you will find detailed instructions in the case of single-diarrhea, and in the case of recurring diarrhea, as well as information about any antidiarrheal drugs can reduce the effectiveness OK.
What happens if you stop drinking OK, not finishing his packing to the end?
Throw reception OK, not finishing his until the end of the package, is highly undesirable. But, unfortunately, sometimes there are situations in which to stop taking birth control pills should urgently:
- In the case of pregnancy detection
- To prepare for an emergency operation
- In the event of very severe side effects (after consulting a gynecologist)
If you suddenly stop taking birth control pills, because we decided to get pregnant, then you can only get the opposite effect. Discontinuation of OK in the middle of the package may cause malfunction of the menstrual cycle, lack of ovulation (release of the egg) and the inability to get pregnant for a few months until the hormones do not come back to normal. Therefore, in order not to create yourself unnecessary problems, it is better to suffer for a few weeks and to drink packaging to the end. And then in the next month, the chance of pregnancy is very high.
I stopped drinking the pill, not finishing his blister until the end. What will happen?
- If in the previous 7 days, have you had unprotected sex, the sudden discontinuation of birth control pills can lead to pregnancy.
- A few days after the cancellation OK you may receive spotting or withdrawal bleeding. Usually, this bleeding is not excessive and does not last more than 5-7 days. If on the face of the contraceptive pill you develop severe abdominal pain, heavy periods or menstruation lasts more than a week - be sure to consult a gynecologist.
- With the sudden cancellation of birth control pills may develop hormonal failure: irregular menstruation, lack of ovulation, and the inability to get pregnant. Usually, after 2-3 months the menstrual cycle and pregnancy is restored again becomes possible.
Do I need to stop taking before surgery OK?
Yes, for 4 weeks prior to surgery should stop taking birth control pills. This helps reduce the risk of thrombus (blood clot) in the blood vessels. If needed urgent surgery, be sure to alert the surgeon that you are taking birth control pills. In this case, the doctor will take further measures to reduce the risk of thrombosis.
OK, you can resume taking 14 days after you will be able to move independently.