U1. Requirements for design, placement and content EQUIPMENT AND JOBS
6.1. The volume of space per worker must be no more than 15 cubic meters. m, and the area of the premises - not less than 4, 5kv.m
6.2. All offices and reading rooms should be provided with all necessary equipment.
6.3. Racks should be placed perpendicular to the windows to create the best lighting aisle, and the book is less exposed to the harmful effects of light for them.
6.4. Lower shelf racks must be installed above the floor 10 cm, which ensures the possibility of dust cleaning under shelves.
6.5. Shelving for books must be so high that a book from the top shelf could be taken without resort to high ladders.
6.6. High racks is recommended to install only for the seldom-used funds. Facilities such repositories to ensure stable and reliable ladders and stairs.
6.7. Shelves need to do to fix stable and endowed. High-sided shelves attached to the walls or other structures or elements of buildings.
6.8. It is strictly forbidden to overload the shelves of books in excess of the established norms.
6.9. It is forbidden to stack books and newspapers so that they were in favor of shelving the border and occupied part of the aisle. Such storage of books may cause injury to personnel.
6.10. Stacks of two or more floors must be equipped with lifts, conveyors or elevators (passenger, cargo). 6.II.Dlya books move in a horizontal plane
to be equipped to use conveyors or hand trucks.
6.12. The current library, and other equipment must be in good condition. The work is strictly forbidden on the faulty equipment.
6.13. The Department of lending books to readers should be placed close to and on the same level with the repository Frequently Asked funds. If the chair by the store located on different levels, instead of the steps must be equipped with stepless transitions - ramps.
6.14. Working platform on the chair should not be less than 6 square meters per employee.
6.15. Installation of additional equipment (shelving, tools, machines), not provided for the project, it shall be allowed only after verification of the limit loads on the assembly floors and resolution of technical services of the library.
6.16. Intermediate floors, stairs, catwalks handrail must be protected at least I m in height.
6.17. Exhibition stands, display cases in order to avoid possible fall reliably be strengthened and not clutter passages therebetween.
6.18. All stationary library, handling and other equipment to be mounted on a foundation or base after the corresponding technical calculation.
6.19. Installation of the equipment in the intercommunication overlap is allowed only after checking the strength calculation of the overlap.
6.20. Height desktops recommended not more than 0, 8 m.
6.21. Working surfaces of tables have to be flat without dents, cracks and other defects.
6.22. On all machines, machinery, power tools, test instruments, as well as storage tanks for flammable liquids and materials should have the technical documentation (passport, drawings, operating instructions).
6.23. All equipment must have instrumentation, alarm, warning alarm from the approved technological processes and regulations.
6.24. Control and measuring devices subject to verification and stamping of state control authorities.
6.25. Gauging devices should be checked periodically in the terms established by the schedule approved by the chief engineer of the library (the deputy director for administrative part).
6.26. Commissioning of newly installed equipment, as well as capitally repaired, permitted after receiving his commission as a part of the main mechanic (main power) or the chief of the technical department, the safety engineers, head of the relevant department and chredstavitelya local committee with drawing up the act, approved by the head or chief engineer library.
6.27. Start the equipment after maintenance, produced in the course of its operation, is allowed after checking the head of production (master, senior engineer in the group).
6.28. Wire ropes, cables, chains used as slings traction, must comply with the state standards and have a certificate (certificate) the manufacturer of their trial.
6.29. Ropes (wire ropes) are not provided with these certificates should bnt subjected to a test in accordance with the GOST standards.
INSTRUMENTS equipment and mechanisms
6.30. Each machine, the machine, the mechanism should be reliable action device for starting and stopping, located so that it is convenient and safe to use it from the workplace and eliminate the possibility of spontaneous inclusion.
6.31. Starting aids shall provide a fast and smooth switching equipment. Having multiple switching places it is prohibited.
Equipment, moving parts which can not be seen completely from the starting position (transporters, conveyors, hoists, etc.) must have a warning light and sound alarm devices and to stop it from multiple places. Spacing means for stopping shall not exceed 20m.
6.32. Each machine, a conveyor belt must have a network switch opening.
6.33. All the machines, machines, equipment and transport devices can be operated and serviced only by those employees who are entrusted with the administration of library work on this equipment. All workers must be familiar with the passport of the equipment they serve and technical rules of its operation.
6.34. To prevent injury rooks moving elements (cutting tools, shafts, gears, couplings, chains, belts, etc.), as well as move their materials, all machines, machines and mechanisms must be ogravdeniya and safety devices. Operation of machine tools, machinery, tools, equipment, without barriers and safety devices is not allowed.
6.35. Protections and safety devices must meet the following general requirements:
a) the design of guards and protective devices intended to prevent:
a dangerous human contact with moving elements of equipment, cutting tools, and given them into motion process materials;
Return cutting tool or other moving parts and their parts;
release of the cutting tool of processed materials;
fall on the moving elements of the equipment transfers, processed materials, waste or other items, if it may result in malfunction and equipment failure or accident;
b) guards and safety devices must have an installed base to secure the bolts to their equipment and the supporting structure;
c) for the inspection of the partition parts or pieces of equipment or the need to supply air thereto, portions of fencing recommended lattice, mesh, or of a transparent material in the form of shutters. In this case the lattice gap or width of the slots in the blinds should be not more than 10 mm, and the cell-not larger than 10 × 10 mm. Lattice fence or mesh portion should be placed no closer than 50 mm from the moving parts;
g) for easy replacement of cutting tools and maintenance equipment fences make opening on hinges. Should be opened fully all fencing or parts of it.
When closed, the fence should be stable and not to impede the maintenance of enclosing parts;
d) cutting tools of machine guards, which must be opened or removed for replacement and tool changes must be interlocked with the starting and braking device of the machine, the machine.
Protections chain, belt (when the engine power 7 kW or more), and the friction gear transmission equipment, and the driving and driven Stars chain conveyors need interlocked with the triggering device.
Lock should provide:
-nevozmozhnost starting equipment when uncovered and the guard removed;
-Full stop cutting tool in the case of opening the enclosure or parts of it or they can not be opened during operation;
e) fences should produce with an accuracy which does not allow torsion and deviation from their predetermined position
relative to the moving member closable by them;
g) the fence must meet the following requirements of strength:
not to break at break or breakage of the closed their moving parts or tools;
not deformed and do not budge under the influence of forces up to 100 kg;
h) guards and protective devices must not interfere with monitoring, where necessary, the work of cutting tools and moving parts (elements) of the equipment;
and) of the fencing elements must be made of materials which provide the required strength. Do not use flammable materials;
a) guards and safety devices must be painted in accordance with GOST "Signal colors, safety signs and their application to industrial enterprises."
Inner surface opening fences should be colored orange, outer edges of the protective device is not fully harboring dangerous elements of production equipment (fences abrasive wheels, milling cutters, drive belts, chains and m, n.) - yellow.
6.36. When operating electrical equipment and systems should strictly observe the "rules of electrical devices" (RB), "the technical operation of electrical consumers Rules" (PTE) and the "Safety regulations for the operation of electrical consumers" (PTB).
6.37. All employees serving electrical, should be trained to have a qualification group, undergo an annual inspection "Rules of technical operation of electrical consumers" and "Safety Rules for operation of electrical consumers."
6.38. The order of the library (the order) administration of the number of specially trained electrical personnel must be assigned to the person responsible for the overall operation of all electrical facility and library are obliged to ensure the implementation of PTE, PTB and RB in the operation of electrical consumers.
6.39. In charge of the electrical equipment of the library should be the following technical documentation:
a) passport card or magazines with an inventory of electrical equipment and protective gear and the technical specifications (a passport card or a magazine attached protocols and acts testing, repair and equipment inspection);
b) drawing electrical installations;
c) the general scheme of power supply for the library as a whole and on individual buildings and sites.
Any changes in electrical or switching should be made promptly to the accompanying drawings or diagrams with binding indicating by whom, when, and why it is done or otherwise fix;
g) operating the magazine;
e) forms orders for production repair and adjustment work in electrical installations;
e) operational electrical circuit,
g) statement of indications of instrumentation and electricity;
h) knowledge test log, and the list of persons entitled to the sole inspection of electrical installations, and persons having the right to give operational orders.
6.40. Selection and installation of motors, puskoreguli-al equipment, instrumentation, protection device, as well as electrical and auxiliary equipment to them must comply with the EMP and environmental requirements.
6.41. On motors and they drive mechanisms must be applied arrows indicating the direction of rotation of the engine and the motor.
6.42. Conclusions and cable winding and a funnel at the motors must be closed enclosures, removal of which requires unscrewing nuts or unscrewing screws. Remove the fence during operation of the electric motor is prohibited. Rotating part of electric - contact rings, pulleys, clutches, fans must be protected.
6.43. Electric motors immediately (emergency) are disconnected from the network when:
a) accident (or the threat of it), requires the immediate shutdown;
b) the appearance of smoke or fire from an electric motor or ballasts;
c) vibration in excess of allowable limits, threatening the integrity of the electric motor;
d) failure of the drive mechanism;
d) heating the bearings in excess of allowable limits specified in the manufacturer's instructions;
e) a significant reduction in the number of revolutions, accompanied by a rapid heating of the motor.
6.44. All live parts distribution devices located in areas accessible to employees not related to electrical engineering personnel, must have a solid fence.
6.45. Live parts of electronic control and protection devices must protect in order to prevent accidental contact. In special areas (electric machine, panel, control stations, etc.) may be exposed installation devices.
6.46. Shields should be provided with inscriptions indicating the panel number, and the purpose and the number of each outgoing line.
6.47. Fusible safety calibrated inserts must strictly correspond to this type of fuse. The use of non-calibrated fuse-links is prohibited.
6.48. Switchgear panel should be painted in bright colors and make clear labels indicating the purpose of the individual chains. Such labels must be on the front and back side panels.
6.49. All keys and buttons of the control handle must have labels indicating the operation for which they are intended.
6.50. Do not install the switchgear, assembly boards and other communication equipment in the premises of libraries.
6.51. Overhaul of machines and electrical distribution devices to make necessary, but not less than once every three years.
6.52. Current repair of switchgear, switchboards, assembly boards from dust produced, depending on the local conditions and dusty environments, but at least once a year.
6.53. Inspection and cleaning of switchgear, switchboards, assembly boards from dust produced, depending on the local conditions and dusty environments, but not less than once in three months.
6.54. All metal parts of electrical installations, electrical housing, which, due to insulation failure may be energized must be grounded.
6.55. Grounding electrical installations must be performed:
a) at a voltage of 500 VI above DC and AC in all cases;
b) at a voltage above 36 v.peremennogo current and 110, DC - smokers with raised danger and outdoor installations;
c) if all voltages of AC and DC, in hazardous locations.
6.56. Electrical grounding is not needed at 36 V AC VI below and in HO and below DC in all cases except explosive installations.
6.57. Electrical parts to be grounded:
a) housing electrical machines, transformers, apparatus, lamps, etc .;
b) Electric Appliances drives;
c) the housing switchboards, control panels, boards and cabinets;
d) metal structures switchgear metal cable constructions, metal sheaths of cables, steel pipes and other metal wiring design related to the installation of electrical equipment.
6.58. In areas without heightened risk of grounding portable device housing is not necessary. In this battery heating and other metallic communication pipes must be protected wooden bars.
6.59. In installations with earthed neutral-ground fault reliable automatic shutdown of the damaged parts of the network should be ensured.
6.60. The use of land as the phase and neutral wire in the electrical voltage up to 10OO prohibited.
6.61. The electrical voltage to 1000 with a hollow-grounded neutral necessarily metallic bond connecting electrical housing with a grounded electrical neutral (neutral).
6.62. In the chain of neutral wires, if they are at the same time serve for grounding purposes, should not be isolating devices and fuses, except as predusmot-chennyh "Rules for Electrical Installation."
6.63. Each earthed installation element must be gzemlen through independent branches.
Sequential incorporation into several grounding wires grounding parts of the plant is prohibited.
6.64. Accession grounding conductors to the busbars earthing is to be performed by welding, and to the housings or devices -svarkoy reliable bolting. The ends of flexible grounding conductors must be welded lugs.
6.65. Network voltage to 1000 V, with isolated neutral, connected through a transformer with voltage networks above 1000V, should be protected from the danger of faulty insulation between the windings of the transformer higher and lower voltage breakdown in the fuse phase or neutral to lower side voltage of the transformer.
6.66. Testing and measuring the insulation resistance of wires and cables, as well as the resistance measurement of grounding devices to carry out at least once every three years.
Insulation test of stationary transformers with a secondary voltage 12-36v - at least once a year, portable transformers - at least once in three months.
6.67. All work related to operational maintenance, inspection and repair of electrical equipment must be carried out in strict compliance with the EMP and 1PB.
6.68. Work on live parts may only be performed with the full removal of the voltage.
6.69. Work on electrical systems or near live parts can be made by written or oral order.
6.70. Work on live parts under voltage must be carried out only with the use of basic and additional protective equipment, carried out in accordance with the "Rules for the use of protective equipment and tests used in electrical installations."
6.71. All safety equipment, in accordance with the rules should be periodically inspected and tested in accordance with the applicable rules and terms.
Untested use of protective equipment and safety devices, the period of testing has expired is prohibited.
6.72. Change blown bulbs, fuses and cleaning fixtures fittings must be carried out when de-energized and only electricians.
6.73. After the end of all the rooms of the library must be powered down, except for emergency lighting.
6.74. Frequency of capital and current repairs of PUE is determined by taking into account the condition of the equipment and machines.
Batteries and chargers
6.75. The device is stationary batteries and battery chargers and their operation must meet the requirements of "Electrical Installation Rules", "Rules of technical operation of electrical consumers" and "Safety Rules for operation of electrical consumers."
6.76. Stationary batteries should be installed in a specially equipped premises.
Placement of acid and alkaline batteries in the same room is prohibited.
6.77. Premises batteries must be equipped with an autonomous ventilation system.
Suction gas must be made both from the top and from the bottom of the room.
6.78. On the premises of the battery door must be large inscription: "Storage", "flammable", "FIRE DO NOT ENTER", "smoking is prohibited."
6.79. Near the battery space, you must install the sink with tap water or water tank.
6.80. The battery room must always be locked.
6.81. Supply and exhaust ventilation of the battery should be included before charging the battery and disable the removal of all the gases, but not less than 1, 5 hours after the end of charge.
6.82. Each storage room should be provided suit of coarse wool, rubber apron, rubber gloves and boots, goggles, glass or a porcelain cup with a spout (or jug) the container 1, to produce 5-2 liters of electrolyte neutralizing solution of sodium (5 percent ) - for acid batteries and boric acid or vinegar essence (one part essences into eight parts water) - for alkaline batteries.
6.83. Receptacles with an electrolyte, distilled water, soda solution or a solution of boric acid should be clear labels (here).
6.84. The acid should be stored in glass, carboy in separate rooms, well ventilated. Bottles of acid must be installed on the floor in a row. Each of them should be provided with a label with the name of the acid. Empty bottles from the acid should be kept in the same conditions.
6.85. Wrap the bottle should be together, using special stretchers on which the bottle is securely fastened at the level of two thirds of its height. Pre-check the operation of the stretcher.
Pouring acid from bottles need by their forced tilt by means of special devices.
6.86. When preparing solutions of acid should be slow, with stops, to avoid the intense heat of the solution, pouring a thin stream of circles capacity of 1-2 liters in a container with distilled water. Solution all the while stirring. Drawing prohibited by infusion solution into the acid water. In drawing up the solution in glass containers need to be cautious, keeping in mind that heating the glass may crack solution.