Cultivation of vegetables in the winter - not an easy task that can handle only real amateur gardening. Plants in winter requires special care, as the daylight hours in the winter is much shorter than in the summer, and you need extra coverage for the growth and proper development of the plants. The room in which you plan to grow vegetables in winter, should be well protected from cold and drafts, and indoor humidity should be higher than in the summer, due to the fact that the heating elements make the air extremely dry.
In winter, some species of vegetable crops can be grown at home. The home grown cucumbers, tomatoes, sweet peppers, onions, as well as many types of greens. Cultivation of vegetables in the winter in the home can be produced in several ways. Consider some of them.
To grow vegetables on a window sill fit the room with windows facing south or south-east, in these areas are concentrated most of natural light, which is conducive to plant growth. Cultivation of vegetables in winter is to use fluorescent set that will accelerate the process of photosynthesis in the leaves and as a result, contribute to a more rapid growth of the plants. With a lack of light the plants will be weak and will cease to bear fruit.
Winter vegetable growing is possible only with nourishing soil saturated with all the necessary trace elements for the growth of plants.
Seedlings to grow vegetables in winter is usually planted either in large boxes, or each plant is planted in a separate pot. Prior to this, it is highly desirable to learn how to grow seedlings of tomato and other vegetables that you plan to grow. The soil for growing vegetables should be light and fertile, every week is necessary to produce fertilizer plants. At present there are many fertilizers that stimulate the growth of vegetables in the winter.
Particular attention should be given to irrigation of vegetable crops growing on the windowsill. It is important to water the plants regularly, but watering should be moderate. With abundant irrigation water stagnation occurs in boxes or pots in which plants grow, which eventually leads to rotting of the root system of plants. It is worth paying attention to the humidity in the room. Since the premises are heated by radiators in winter, the plants quickly consume the accumulated moisture. In this connection, it is recommended regularly moisten the air in the room with a spray gun.
For cultivation in the home is better to use low grade plants. It is now proposed a fairly large selection of cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, which can be grown at home.
Hydroponics - a method by which you can grow a variety of plants without using soil. Instead of land for cultivation of vegetables using a liquid nutrient solution, which supplies the plant with all necessary nutrients. Growing plants hydroponically - it is less time-consuming activity than growing plants in the ground, so it does not require constant fertilizing and watering plants.
Hydroponics has a number of advantages over the traditional system of growing plants.
Firstly, by using a solution of the plants do not suffer from waterlogging or drying. Secondly, the plants delivered from diseases which are transmitted through soil, as well as soil-borne pests attack. And, thirdly, the cultivation of vegetables in the winter using hydroponics method provides a rich harvest of many vegetable crops, due to the content in the solution of all the necessary nutrients.
Winter growing vegetables in greenhouses allows you to build a large enough yield. In greenhouse conditions, even in the harsh climate, you can grow cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini, radishes, onions, asparagus, as well as many varieties of greens. The main task of the gardener is the right equipment winter greenhouses. Let us consider what kinds of winter greenhouses are used for growing plants.
The greenhouse with bottom heating - is the most popular among the Russian Gardeners greenhouse winter type. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that the greenhouse heating system runs under the ground, that is directly under the beds planted with vegetables. It is important to plan your heating system in such a greenhouse, to avoid freezing ground.
Cultivation of any vegetables in winter is recommended at high beds, thanks to this you can avoid freezing of the soil. For heating furnace used greenhouses. Most often gardeners use the oven, which fueled with wood or charcoal, electric furnaces are used less frequently, as they are very expensive for everyday use.
Greenhouses with overhead heating. The peculiarity of this type of greenhouse is that the cultivation of vegetables in the winter occur in large trays or containers. When grown in the greenhouse, large vegetable trays are placed on the ground, and between them are the heating pipes. Trays with small vegetables or greens is suspended under fluorescent light, from which the plants get enough heat.
Whatever type of winter greenhouses you choose, you need to pay attention to how she made greenhouse. Winter greenhouses are usually made from glass or polycarbonate. Attention is drawn to the wall thickness of the greenhouse, if this polycarbonate, the wall thickness should be not less than 6 mm if the greenhouse is made of glass, it is recommended to use a double glass.
It is also important to check that all joints and corners of the greenhouse were sealed, with no gaps, crevices and fissures, thanks to the greenhouse will maintain a constant temperature, and the plants will not be threatened freeze. For additional heating, in addition to the furnace, the thermostat can be used and fireplaces.
Particular attention should be paid to the system of greenhouse lighting. In the winter in most parts of Russia comes the short daylight hours and sunshine for the full development of the plants is not enough. Cultivation of vegetables in the winter involves equipping greenhouses powerful fluorescent lamps, these lamps are not only a light source but also provide an additional source for heating plants.
Ventilation is also an important element of the greenhouse equipment. You can think about the ventilation system with the arrangement of vents and doors on opposite walls of a greenhouse. If you allow the financial capabilities, it is recommended to conduct a built ventilation system that provides constant air circulation in the room.
Growing a variety of vegetables in the winter in the greenhouse is not possible without reliable irrigation device. Properly equipped irrigation system will create a favorable climate for the growth and development of vegetable crops. For greenhouses are typically used drip irrigation and crevice plants.
Cultivation of vegetables in the winter - a troublesome and time-consuming activity, but what a pleasure you get when in the midst of the harsh Russian winter, you pick fresh cucumbers from the window sill, or rack up a whole basket of ripe tomatoes in winter greenhouses. At this point you realize that every effort well spent, and the taste of fruits collected will seem truly divine. By the way, do not forget about the use of basements. They are the ideal premises for growing oyster mushrooms and some vegetables.
Frankly, after reading this article, I first really caught fire - as, in winter there is a green. But then I read more closely, then again with a pencil, and came to the conclusion that we do not ride purely on economics. Winter in Siberia, even here in the south, at least 5 weeks night -32-33S below. So the greenhouse is a utopia - gobble up all the money on the glass and heating.
But the apartment is not very overclocking: at this price, the plants do not wither for the light, the owner would pull their own hands. Cheaper will buy imported vegetables, labor and money sberezhesh. Hydroponics do not even consider because of the blatant chemistry.
And I try to be planted in the pool. We have a warm and humid, and the air circulation will try to ensure, through the next room. So that report back in a few months! Thanks for the tips!
I also once tried to establish an ongoing stream of greenery throughout the year. But what not even think about the summer. winter sometimes enters into a stupor. A keep track of the desired air humidity and soil temperature and the required level of illumination is practically impossible without the quality of capital investments. Even unpretentious dill in a pot on the windowsill in the winter looks sick and frail. So my whole "green" winter has been reduced to the idea germination green onions. Well, at least some Vitaminka!
Men aged urge to grow on a windowsill parsley. The disadvantage in the organism vitamins and zinc frequent cause prostatitis. Parsley - a great source of zinc in the body. More than once there were cases when such a bed saved men from years of prostatitis.