Therapeutic physical training (LFK) - is one of the main sections of regenerative medicine. In the last decade LFK becomes one of the basic techniques in the treatment of diseases. Expanding its capabilities in the active rehabilitation of patients with severe pathology (cerebral stroke, myocardial infarction), in combination with other methods.
The development of physical therapy is due to the sale of the pledged opportunities and develop new methods.
Construction of new techniques usually occurs in the course of practical work at the intersection of physical therapy and other medical specialties (neurology, orthopedics, cardiology), often in the adaptation of existing therapeutic systems. Great potential therapeutic use of movement laid down in the traditional healing system. Formation of physical therapy techniques at the beginning of its formation as a medicine section was based on the one hand, on the existing arsenal of traditional systems, especially yoga (in the analysis of the literature of that time (the end of XIX - early XX century) it can be traced quite clearly), on the other hand - on the a major breakthrough in the field of anatomical and physiological and biomechanical research, sports achievements.
Experience in the use of traditional systems of wellness is presented primarily in the Peoples Republic of China, where the use of recreational gymnastics Wushu is at the level of national policy. In the squares and parks of Chinese cities, you can often see large groups engaged in Wushu with the aim of improving.
As well as traditional Chinese medicine, wushu exercises based on general theoretical concepts: the concept of yin-yang, U-Shin, the theory of the system of energy meridians. Historical homeland gymnastics Wushu is China.
There are several views on the history of its origin. The first - as one of the systems that have been developed in China alone, mainly in Taoist tradition, such as "Movement of five animals and birds" the famous physician Hua Tuo. Development of this sector in one way or another connected with Taoist temple complex of Mount U-Dan. The second source goes to the Vedic tradition, which have been brought into China with Buddhism, such as "Diamond Qigong" patriarch of Chinese Buddhism Bodhiharmy. The development of this direction is associated with the Shaolin Monastery. Further formation of Wushu based on these two sources.
The origin of this system was primarily due to strengthen the health of the body and spirit, which was used as the medical and military-applied aspect.
With all the variety of modern Wushu are two main directions - internal and external.
Underlying both trends is the basic Wushu, which is a set of exercises for the development of the dynamics, body sculpture, includes exercises to develop strength, endurance and reaction. From the outset, the principle of exercise is based on a combination of proper breathing, movement and mental study of anger management. In the future should be the development of motor skills, specific to a certain style of Wushu.
External direction is represented by the following basic styles.
Chang Quan (long fist) - generalizing the name of a group Wushu schools. All kinds of Chinese Wushu, containing specific rack, fast, powerful movements, transitions in the upper and lower positions, called Chang Quan.
Nan Quan (southern fist) is considered one of the most common styles. No matter how great was the diversity of schools Nan Quan, a characteristic feature is the technique of hand movements. Among the styles distinguished by its rigidity and exercise volitional (dedication, determination, persistence).
Xiang syn Quan (shaped or "animal" styles) different - Mo shen quan (mimicking the fist), - a specific and very peculiar direction USHU, wherein the fundamental point is the imitation of certain types of behavior and various animals - their actions , habits and behavior in combat. Xiang Xing Quan is one of the most spectacular styles UShU.Otlichitelnoy feature of style is motivational and gaming aspects of the complexes on
the basis of Xiang Xing Quan. This allows you to build a class, even for the youngest children (from the age of three). After all, the child is interesting to repeat the movement of the tiger, or stand on one leg and swing its wings like a crane.
The inner area is represented by the following basic styles - Tai Chi Chuan, Bagua, Xingyi. Gymnastics Tai Chi Chuan is most widely used in the health aspect. It is characterized by smooth, soft, very slow movements. Successfully used to relieve emotional load and enhances the protective properties of the organism, it contributes to the development of the stereotype correct posture. Tai Chi Chuan styles include Yang, Chen, Sun, and two styles W. The most widely used set of "24 Movement" Yang style, specially designed for massive use with recreational purpose. Tai Chi Chuan is very popular with adults and older people. CREATE
of adapted exercises for children particularly promising in the field of posture correction of violations.
Qigong - direction, which in one way or another is present in all styles of Wushu. The term "qigong" put into wide circulation only in the 50s of the last century, and before that was used the name Neigong - "inside job." Qigong is widely used in the medical aspect. This area has repeatedly devoted to Chinese and world conferences and congresses. guidelines for the medical use of qigong adopted in Russia. The method is based on complexes of breathing exercises with slow diafrag-mal breathing.
The most important application of Wushu gymnastics in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The technique consistent with the principles of orthopedic exercises Mikulic - relaxation, mobilization, stabilization. By varying the percentage of plastic exercises, dynamic and static, the procedure may be applied for correction of disorders associated with both gipomobilnostyu motor segment and its hypermobility. Much attention is paid to posture - posture, in which the perpendicular dropped from the Bai Hui point, must pass through the point Hui-yin. Thus through the action of various forces (upward force the crown and the center of gravity downward aspiration) are smoothed expression of the lumbar and cervical lordosis. This is possible with static muscle work directly motor segments of the spine, thereby strengthening its musculo-ligamentous apparatus. Strengthening the muscles of the legs and pelvic girdle due steps to the side, foot rotation, shifting body weight is one, then the other yoga leg lifts also help to strengthen the post-eral muscles and correction osanki.Polozhitelnoe Wushu gymnastics impact on the nervous system due to several factors . First and foremost is the mental control of the movement and position of the body during exercise. Mental control promotes more intensive formation of neuronal ensembles and analysis on the feedback principle, Improving the efficiency of synaptic transmission proved high refractive power with respect to the volume of muscle mass and improved speed, gymnastics USHU distinctive feature - working with a brush. A large number of forms of hand positions, the design sense of proprioception while special exercises provide an opportunity to consider the brush as an information terminal for the development of sensory and speech functions. An integral part of Wushu gymnastics are respiratory and meditative exercises. external respiration function is directly dependent on the state of the central nervous system. Physiological studies have shown that the pulses of the respiratory center, irradiiruya on the central nervous system% influence the tonus of the cerebral cortex, the dynamics of cortical potentials and periodicals and rhythms. Voluntary regulation of breathing is essential for the functioning of the internal organs and the nervous system. The main thing in breathing exercises is the principle of slow diaphragmatic breathing. Effectiveness of the latter due to the fact that the IRIS-ragmalnoe breath causes pronounced reflex Hering-Breuer ( "brake" reflex associated with the inclusion of the tensile receptors in the lung), which leads to reduced activity of the reticular formation of the brain, reducing the activity of the neo-cortex and to stabilize the mental processes.
Effects on the cardiovascular and respiratory system caused by physical load directly, as well as diaphragmatic breathing - binding component gymnastics. Increased pulmonary excursion due to participation diaphragm promotes more intensive formation of negative pressure in the thoracic cavity. This contributes to a more intense venous outflow to the heart and reduces the load on the cardiovascular system. Diaphragmatic breathing also produces original massage of the abdominal cavity, which contributes to their higher oxygenation and peristaltic processes.
Of particular interest are the data on the use of Wushu exercises to stimulate the synthesis of endorphins. It is well known that endorphins - a "pleasure hormones", they are the main link analgesic systems of the body are involved in a person's emotional state regulation Endorphins were discovered in the 70s of the last century in the studies of Chinese acupuncture analgesia mechanisms. Later revealed their diverse and important functions in the human body. The main thing - it is their resistance to the various stress factors: normalization of blood pressure, respiratory rate, kidneys and digestive system. They accelerate the healing of injured tissues, callus formation. Endorphin deficiency occurs in all chronic diseases, the effects of stress, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, immunodeficiency. But the most important for the practice is that endomorphin system is a system, amenable to training. Techniques based on Eastern systems: Wushu, yoga, meditation techniques. - are widely used in the treatment of various pathologies, drug dependence.
We examined in detail only one of the most promising therapeutic areas. Mechanical transfer of the system in clinical practice, it is possible and acceptable. But in any case, consider this as a case study and use the experience gained in the implementation of this program is certainly worth. The variety of forms of movement, physiological basis of their therapeutic action is the basis for the creation of effective therapeutic techniques.