One of the largest endocrine glands in the body is the thyroid gland. It is located in the neck below the mouth, and is located right next to the thyroid cartilage. Thyroid disease symptoms in women, treatment and prevention methods are discussed in detail in this article.
Its main function is to control the metabolism throughout the body, i.e. the rate of energy combustion synthesis of proteins and the degree of sensitivity of the organism to other hormones. It performs these functions using the produced thyroid hormones such as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which in turn play quite an important biological role in the body, as they are engaged in the stimulation of the metabolism, regulation of energy and heat production, puberty, It affects the nervous system, skeleton and muscles.
Particularly important is the proper functioning of the thyroid gland during childbearing as the hormones secreted by it affect fetal growth and development, particularly of the nervous system and bones. A proper functioning of the thyroid gland is controlled by the hypothalamus and pituitary.
Thyroid disease in women occur 10 times more often than men. This is explained by the peculiarities of the nervous system (women are more emotional and often subjected to stress), and hormonal changes associated with different periods in the life of a girl.
The signs of thyroid disease include:
- hair loss;
- tremors throughout the body;
- violation of the menstrual cycle;
- significant fluctuations in weight;
- constipation and diarrhea;
- fluctuations in heartbeat.
This refers to the common symptoms that are quite pronounced in all diseases schetovidki.
To distinguish between the three forms of the disorders - acute, subacute and chronic .
Often, an acute form of inflammation associated with severe pain and fever. Diagnosis is possible only after the ultrasound examination. In order to detect the pathogens have to do aspiration biopsy. Treat with antibiotics or operation, depending on the degree.
Reason teriodita de Krven (subacute) often remains unknown. This may be a viral infection. Symptoms such as fatigue, pain, and fever.
Thyroiditis (or Hashimoto's) - is an autoimmune disease. Thyroid attacks the human immune system, causing tissue destruction appears this gland. Existing glandular cells are replaced by connective tissue. Symptoms may occur as a sudden and slow at the same time evolve quickly.
Symptoms of inflammation of the thyroid gland:
- general weakness;
- high cholesterol;
- violation of the menstruation;
- weight fluctuation;
- dryness of skin and mucous membranes;
- rashes and skin pigmentation;
- hair loss;
Treatment of inflammation of the thyroid gland
Treatment is done with medication, but if the disease is not possible to diagnose or antibiotics do not help, surgery may be assigned. Or disease becomes chronic with possible relapses.
Hyperthyroidism (also known as hyperfunction) - a syndrome that occurs on a background of increased secretion of thyroid hormones. Are primary and secondary hyperthyroidism, depending on changes in the thyroid gland itself. The reason can be a violation of the nervous system functioning, injury, pregnancy, disorders of sexual life, menopause, infectious disease.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- high sweating;
- moisture content of the skin;
- abnormal heat;
- difficulty in concentrating;
- weight loss;
- hair loss;
- increased anxiety;
- Depression and depressed mood;
- heart failure;
- irritability and tremors;
- eye problems: swollen eyelids, sensation of a foreign in the eye, excessive tearing, bulging eyes.
In the treatment of hyperthyroidism, there are three ways:
- destruction of excess thyroid hormones (medication);
- the destruction of the thyroid gland, that it does not produce excess hormones (surgery and radioactive iodine therapy).
- recovery of thyroid function (computer reflexology).
Hypothyroidism - a malfunction of the thyroid gland, so that when there is a lack of hormone production. The disease can occur due to losses that occur in the thyroid (primary hypothyroidism), disorders of the pituitary and hypothalamus (secondary hypothyroidism) or in connection with the phenomena of resistance of peripheral tissues to the action of thyroid hormones.
You experience the following symptoms in hypothyroidism:
- hair loss;
- inability to concentrate and think clearly;
- slow heartbeat;
- excessive fatigue;
- dry skin;
- memory problems;
- sensitivity to cold;
- severe pain during PMS;
- mood swings;
- high cholesterol.
Thyroid cancer - a disease which occurs when abnormal growth of malignant cells within the gland. This is one of the less common types of cancer is usually detected at an early stage, which leads to early treatment and a positive outcome. But a relapse can occur after a year.
There are several types of thyroid cancer:
- papillary (about 75%),
- follicular (about 13%);
- medullary (about 4-6%),
- and undifferentiated anaplastic carcinoma (about 3.5-4%);
- sarcoma, lymphoma, fibrosarcoma, squamous cell cancer, metastatic cancer (1-2%).
When you see any of the following symptoms of thyroid cancer, consult a doctor immediately:
- cough prolonged period, which is not associated with an infectious disease;
- labored breathing;
- rapidly growing seal in the neck;
- pain in the neck, sometimes comes to the ear;
- pain when swallowing.
Factors affecting the appearance of the disease:
1. High levels of radiation
- X-ray beams;
2. Family history
- From thyroid cancer most often affects people over 45 years old;
- In skinned representatives cancer is much more common than in African Americans;
5. Lack of iodine in food
Treatment of thyroid cancer is made by the following methods:
- treatment with radioactive iodine;
- hormone therapy;
- external irradiation;
For a successful outcome usually use one or more methods.
Adenoma - a benign tumor, which is formed of glandular tissue. It can occur in all organs where the glandular epithelium is present.
Adenoma of the thyroid gland is divided into four types:
- Hürthle cells;
- toxic adenoma.
The most common is the second type.
Symptoms that occur during adenoma:
- hormonal surges;
- high fatigue;
- wanton weight loss;
- excessive sweating;
- changes in voice;
- deformation in the neck;
- persistent cough;
- pain when breathing and swallowing.
Treatment of thyroid adenoma
Treatment of adenoma rather complicated and often requires a comprehensive approach. If the disease is diagnosed in the early stages, it is only possible to remove the tumor without touching the body. But later detected, various operations carried out with partial or complete removal of the thyroid gland.
Also, in addition to conventional operation utilizes special injection with ethyl alcohol, which are introduced into the tumor and destroy it.
Here we have considered all the possible thyroid disease symptoms in women, treatment and prevention methods. Take care of your health!