In ancient Rome, loved and revered life and beauty, and so strongly they valued and emphasized. The Romans had their own beliefs and traditions. They believed that the jewelry is not only a good way to supplement your outfit, but also to protect themselves from evil forces. Shape jewelry has always had a hidden meaning, as well as the materials from which they were made. The uniqueness of Roman jewelry is that even using cast molds for jewelry made from metal, they have always been unique, they put the manual labor, every detail was made a master with the tenacity and excellent artistic taste.
Materials that are used for making jewelry in ancient Rome: Precious metals (gold, silver, bronze); iron; gems (sard, agate, chalcedony quartz, jade, emerald, garnet Stone et al.); pearl; glass; bone; marble and others.
In this article you will find out what the amulets used by the ancient Romans and will be able to admire the antique rings, bracelets, necklaces, medallions, earrings and clasps for clothing and hair ornaments.
The most popular form of amulets in the Roman Empire (27 BC - 476 AD):
Phallus (The Phallus)
Phallus - a symbolic depiction of the male sexual organ, the subject of a cult of many pagan religions. In ancient Rome, the phallus was a symbol of life and growth, protects against the evil eye. It was worn as an amulet independent, or in combination with others. The phallus was placed under the commander of the winning chariot to protect the envy of the gods, or his entourage. This amulet was made from all possible materials.
Bulla (The Bulla)
This amulet protects from evil spirits. Inside the bull put different objects like a phallus. Slaves were not allowed to wear this amulet. Most often, a bull were boys from the ninth day of his life.
Lunula (The Lunula)
Moon symbol that is associated with the female cycle and pregnancy. I wore this amulet girl with birthday before the wedding. Sometimes wore his men. In combination with the wheel meant the symbol of the sun, with a phallus - feminine symbol of fertility.
Hercules node (The Hercules Knot)
Protective amulet, yet it was called "The Knot of Love". It is known since ancient Egypt. It is a symbol of a wedding, which was present in the protective belt of the bride and had to be torn groom. Hercules knot symbolizes the virginity of the bride and is associated with fertility of Hercules and Diana the moon goddess.
Wheel (The Wheel)
This known charm having 3, 4, 6, 8, and 12 needles. It symbolizes the sun. There is another theory - the wheel was a symbol of love magic, it served to attract the opposite sex.
"Evil Eye" (The Evil Eye)
The decoration in the shape of an eye or with his image protected from the evil eye.
The photo - a bronze ring I in. BC- I in. BC
Rings of ancient Rome
The senators and military officials late third century had the right to wear the rings - the privilege they have received as a military insignia. By the end of the Republican period (510 - 27 BC), the right to wear the ring receives and civilians. Some rings were not only ornaments, but also served as seals. Very often they are worn on the little finger.
I c. n.e.- to I in. not.
1 - gold and black jasper;
2 - serpentine gold ring;
3 - gold and carnelian.
I - II in. BC
1 - Silver and gold ring on the little finger;
2 - Gold and green chalcedony.
III-IV in. BC
1 - Gold signet ring;
2 - gold and pearls;
3 - silver and agate.
Bracelets Ancient Rome
1 - bracelet with snakehead, II-III a. BC .;
2 - Silver, II in BC .;
3 - gold and cameos, I-II century. BC .;
4 - Gold bracelet with images of the month, foliage, animals - IV of AD
Earrings Ancient Rome
1 - Gold and Garnet II century. BC .;
2 - Gold Pearl and I-III in the NE .;
3 - Gold and Glass Beads II-III century. BC .;
4 - gold, quartz and green glass, I-II century AD .;
5 - gold and carnelian, I-II century. BC
Necklaces Ancient Rome
Necklaces made of beads with medallions and mixed.
1 - a necklace of glass beads, I in. BC.;
2 - gold necklace with medallion with an inserted coin Flavia Valenta, IV a. BC .;
3 - gold and beads of carnelian, II in. BC
Medallions of Ancient Rome
1.2 - glass and gold I in. BC .;
3 - bronze in the form of a medallion Medusa - I-III in BC .;
4 - succinic locket charm as gladiatorial helmet in II-III. BC, found in London, England.
Medallions with Gemma Ancient Rome
Medallions with Gemma - rimmed stone, with embedded images (intaglio) and a bas-relief images of convex (cameo).
1 - a portrait of Julius Caesar Germanicus I in. BC .;
2 - gem with the head of Sirius (the Dog Star) I in. BC.;
3 - portrait Septimija North II-III AD
Hair ornaments of ancient Rome
1 - Hair needle in the form of fish, gold, III-IV century. BC
2 - Hair needle in a hand, gold.
3 - a complex pattern, decorated with pearls and stones.
With brooches buttoned and decorated clothing. Most often they are made of bronze, but sometimes there are silver and gold options.
1 - bronzes, II-III AD Found in Britain. Preserve the original color in the center;
2 - bronzes arbaletovidnaya fibula with lost needle - III-IV in. BC Suitable for thick material, usually fastened with a shoulder.
Ornaments of Ancient Rome
Today, these decorations if they are sold somewhere, that are very expensive, because it is not legal to sell a historical subject. In the first place this finding must get to the museum, rather than in a private collection, so that many people can enjoy the beauty and craftsmanship of ancient Rome.
At the excavations of Roman sites, we often come across glass, stone beads and beads made of bone, but fully preserved decoration is hard enough to find. History can be boring at times, but not in this case - because who would not want at least a minute to hold in their hands is an ancient miracle? Love of luxury and deluxe still lives and thrives, jewelers all over the world are borrowing ideas of ancient and put something of their own, and one day, archaeologists of the future will find the jewelery of our days, and home work of students in the specialty will be a comparative analysis of ornaments from different eras, including our . Who do you think will be greater in the jewelry business - our 21st century or the Romans?
Pinckernelle Kathia: of The Iconography of Ancient Greek and Roman Jewellery, 2005.
Reynold Alleyne Higgins: Greek and Roman Jewellery, 1980.